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Relativistic effects in the large-scale structure with effective dark energy fluids.

Barrera-Hinojosa, Cristian and Sapone, Domenico (2020) 'Relativistic effects in the large-scale structure with effective dark energy fluids.', Journal of cosmology and astroparticle physics., 2020 (03). 037.


We study the imprints of an effective dark energy fluid in the large scale structure of the universe through the observed angular power spectrum of galaxies in the relativistic regime. We adopt the phenomenological approach that introduces two parameters {Q,η} at the level of linear perturbations and allow to take into account the modified clustering (or effective gravitational constant) and anisotropic stress appearing in models beyond ΛCDM . We characterize the effective dark energy fluid by an equation of state parameter w=−0.95 and various sound speed cases in the range 10−6≤ cs2≤ 1, thus covering K-essence and quintessence cosmologies. We calculate the angular power spectra of standard and relativistic effects for these scenarios under the {Q,η} parametrization, and we compare these relative to a fiducial ΛCDM cosmology. We find that, overall, deviations relative to ΛCDM are stronger at low redshift since the behavior of the dark energy fluid can mimic the cosmological constant during matter domination era but departs during dark energy domination. In particular, at z=0.1 the matter density fluctuations are suppressed by up to ~3% for the quintessence-like case, while redshift-space distortions and Doppler effect can be enhanced by ~15% at large scales for the lowest sound speed scenario. On the other hand, at z=2 we find deviations of up to ~5% in gravitational lensing, whereas the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect can deviate up to ~17%. Furthermore, when considering an imperfect dark energy fluid scenario, we find that all effects are insensitive to the presence of anisotropic stress at low redshift, and only the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect can detect this feature at z=2 and very large scales.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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Publisher statement:The deposited manuscript is available under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence.
Date accepted:24 February 2020
Date deposited:14 May 2020
Date of first online publication:17 March 2020
Date first made open access:17 March 2021

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