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The toxic effects of subjective wellbeing and potential tonics.

Atkinson, Sarah (2021) 'The toxic effects of subjective wellbeing and potential tonics.', Social science & medicine., 288 . p. 113098.


The paper offers a provocation to the geographies of health in relation to one of our governing concepts, that of wellbeing. The paper brings together government survey data from the United Kingdom with other published research into a critical argument that the dominant ways of conceptualising and practising subjective wellbeing have become toxic and harmful to wellbeing outcomes. The paper argues that a ‘hyper-individualised and thwarted self’ and ‘supermarket model’ of social resources for individual wellbeing underpins the contemporary dominant understanding of subjective wellbeing. This approach neglects wider spatial and temporal considerations such as inequality, inter-generationality and sustainability, and the rise of wellbeing as a technology of soft capitalism. The paper discusses the potential for relational approaches from the social sciences to provide a more ‘wholesome tonic’ to current understandings of subjective wellbeing that might rehabilitate its capability to do helpful rather than harmful work and argues for an ethical obligation to sustain critical engagement.

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Publisher statement:© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Date accepted:29 May 2020
Date deposited:29 January 2021
Date of first online publication:03 June 2020
Date first made open access:29 January 2021

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