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The application of a heat‐inducible CRISPR/Cas12b (C2c1) genome editing system in tetraploid cotton (G.hirsutum) plants.

Wang, Q. and Alariqi, M. and Wang, F. and Li, B. and Ding, X. and Rui, H. and Li, Y. and Xu, Z. and Qin, L. and Sun, Lin and Li, J. and Zou, J. and Lindsey, K. and Zhang, X. and Jin, S. (2020) 'The application of a heat‐inducible CRISPR/Cas12b (C2c1) genome editing system in tetraploid cotton (G.hirsutum) plants.', Plant biotechnology journal., 18 (12). pp. 2436-2443.


The CRISPR/Cas9 and Cas12a (Cpf1) tools have been used on a large scale for genome editing. A new effector with a single nuclease domain, a relatively small size, low frequency off‐target effects and cleavage capability under high temperature has been recently established and designated CRISPR/Cas12b (C2c1). Cas12b has also shown temperature inducibility in mammalian systems. Therefore, this system is potentially valuable for editing the genomes of plant species, such as cotton, that are resistant to high temperatures. Using this new system, mutants of upland cotton were successfully generated following Agrobacterium ‐mediated genetic transformation under a range of temperatures. Transformants (explants infected by Agrobacterium ) exposed to 45°C for 4 days showed the highest editing efficiency. No off‐target mutation was detected by whole genome sequencing. Genome edits by AacCas12b in T0 generation were faithfully passed to the T1 generation. Taken together, CRISPR/Cas12b is therefore an efficient and precise tool for genome editing in cotton plants.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:07 April 2020
Date deposited:11 June 2020
Date of first online publication:08 June 2020
Date first made open access:11 June 2020

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