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Decoherence in LOFAR-VLBI beamforming.

Bonnassieux, Etienne and Edge, Alastair and Morabito, Leah and Bonafede, Annalisa (2020) 'Decoherence in LOFAR-VLBI beamforming.', Astronomy & astrophysics., 637 . A51.


We show that the use of a superstation (a phased array created using multiple stations of an interferometric array) created in post-processing for LOFAR-VLBI observations introduces a direction-dependent loss of signal in the image. We show this effect using simulations and real data. Using the RIME formalism, we characterise it fully, and give limits under which this signal loss is negligible. Finally, we show that we are able to fully predict this effect. We close with guidelines for interferometric observers to avoid this effect in their observations, and a discussion of techniques which could limit this effect or do away with it entirely. The latter in particular will be relevant to the SKA should its long baselines be used to their fullest potential.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:Bonnassieux, Etienne, Edge, Alastair, Morabito, Leah & Bonafede, Annalisa (2020). Decoherence in LOFAR-VLBI beamforming. Astronomy & Astrophysics 637: A51, reproduced with permission, © ESO.
Date accepted:13 March 2020
Date deposited:17 June 2020
Date of first online publication:13 May 2020
Date first made open access:17 June 2020

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