We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

A deep look into dynamics of saltwater imbibition in a calcite nano-channel : temperature impacts capillarity regimes.

Badizad, Mohammad Hasan and Koleini, Mohammad Mehdi and Greenwell, Hugh Christopher and Ayatollahi, Shahab and Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (2020) 'A deep look into dynamics of saltwater imbibition in a calcite nano-channel : temperature impacts capillarity regimes.', Langmuir., 36 (31). pp. 9035-9046.


This research concerns fundamentals of spontaneous transport of saltwater (1 NaCl solution) in nano-pores of calcium carbonates. A fully atomistic model was adopted to scrutinize temperature-dependence of flow regimes during solution transport under CaCO3 nano-confinement. The early time of capillary filling is inertia-dominated and solution penetrates with a near planar meniscus at constant velocity. Following a transition period, the meniscus angle falls to a stabilized value, characterizing the capillary-viscous advancement in the calcite channel. At this stage, brine displacement follows a parabolic relationship consistent with classical Lucas-Washburn (LW) theory. Approaching the slit outlet, the meniscus contact lines spread widely on the solid substrate and brine leaves the channel at constant rate, in oppose to LW law. The brine imbibition rate considerably increases at higher temperatures, as a result of lower viscosity and greater tendency to form wetting layers on slit walls. We also pointed out longer primary inertial regime as well as delayed onset of the viscous-capillary regime at higher temperature. Throughout the whole span of capillary displacement, transport of sodium and chloride ions is tied to dynamics and diffusion of the water phase, even at the mineral interface. The results presented in this study are of broad implications in diverse science and technological applications.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Langmuir copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
Date accepted:17 June 2020
Date deposited:18 June 2020
Date of first online publication:17 June 2020
Date first made open access:17 June 2021

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar