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Predictors of COVID-19 voluntary compliance behaviors : an international investigation.

Clark, Cory and Davila, Andres and Regis, Maxime and Kraus, Sascha (2020) 'Predictors of COVID-19 voluntary compliance behaviors : an international investigation.', Global transitions., 2 . pp. 76-82.


With a large international sample (n = 8,317), the present study examined which beliefs and attitudes about COVID-19 predict 1) following government recommendations, 2) taking health precautions (including mask wearing, social distancing, handwashing, and staying at home), and 3) encouraging others to take health precautions. The results demonstrate the importance of believing that taking health precautions will be effective for avoiding COVID-19 and generally prioritizing one's health. These beliefs continued to be important predictors of health behaviors after controlling for demographic and personality variables. In contrast, we found that perceiving oneself as vulnerable to COVID-19, the perceived severity of catching COVID-19, and trust in government were of relatively little importance. We also found that women were somewhat more likely to engage in these health behaviors than men, but that age was generally unrelated to voluntary compliance behaviors. These findings may suggest avenues and dead ends for behavioral interventions during COVID-19 and beyond.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2020 The Authors. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communications Co., Ltd.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Date accepted:21 June 2020
Date deposited:01 July 2020
Date of first online publication:26 June 2020
Date first made open access:01 July 2020

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