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Characteristics and mechanisms of Pb(II) sorption onto fe-rich Waste water Treatment Residue (WTR) : a potential sustainable Pb immobilisation technology for soils.

Findlay, Nina C. and Peacock, Caroline L. and Hudson-Edwards, Karen A. and Johnson, Karen L. (2021) 'Characteristics and mechanisms of Pb(II) sorption onto fe-rich Waste water Treatment Residue (WTR) : a potential sustainable Pb immobilisation technology for soils.', Journal of hazardous materials., 402 . p. 123433.

Abstract

Pb contamination of soils is a global problem. This paper discusses the ability of an Fe-rich waste, water treatment residual (WTR), to adsorb Pb(II). This was investigated using batch sorption experiments, X-ray diffraction, electron microprobe microanalysis, PHREEQC modelling and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) analysis. The WTR is composed of approximately 23 wt. % natural organic matter (NOM), 70 wt. % ferrihydrite and <10 wt. % silicate material. Pb(II) sorption to WTR was dependent on initial Pb(II) load, particle size, time and pH, but not on ionic strength. EXAFS analysis at the Pb LIII-edge confirmed that Pb(II) sorbed to WTR by co-existing bidentate edge-sharing and monodentate or corner-sharing complexes, with 2 O at ∼2.31–2.34 Å, 1 Fe at ∼3.32–3.34 Å, 2 Fe at ∼3.97–3.99 Å and 1 Pb at ∼3.82–3.85 Å. Linear combination showed that the Pb(II)-sorbed spectra were best fit with a ∼0.9 ± 0.1 and 0.1 ± 0.1 contribution from Pb(II)-sorbed ferrihydrite and Pb(II)-sorbed humic acid end members, respectively. Overall, we show that Pb(II) sorbs via strong inner-sphere complexation of Pb(II) to the ferrihydrite component of the WTR, which itself is stable over a wide pH range. Therefore, we suggest that Fe-rich WTR wastes could be used as effective adsorbents in Pb(II)-contaminated soils to help ensure sustainable terrestrial ecosystems.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123433
Publisher statement:© 2020 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Date accepted:06 July 2020
Date deposited:09 July 2020
Date of first online publication:08 July 2020
Date first made open access:08 July 2021

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