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Sequential recommender via time-aware attentive memory network.

Ji, Wendi and Wang, Keqiang and Wang, Xiaoling and Chen, Tingwei and Cristea, Alexandra I. (2020) 'Sequential recommender via time-aware attentive memory network.', in Proceedings of the 29th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM ’20), October 19–23, 2020, Virtual Event, Ireland. New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), pp. 565-574.


Recommendation systems aim to assist users to discover desirable contents from an ever-growing corpus of items. Although recommenders have been greatly improved by deep learning, they still face several challenges: (1) behaviours are much more complex than words in sentences, so traditional attention and recurrent models have limitations capturing the temporal dynamics of user preferences. (2) The preferences of users are multiple and evolving, so it is difficult to integrate long-term memory and short-term intent. In this paper, we propose a temporal gating methodology to improve the attention mechanism and recurrent units, so that temporal information can be considered for both information filtering and state transition. Additionally, we propose a hybrid sequential recommender, named Multi-hop Time-aware Attentive Memory network (MTAM), to integrate long-term and short-term preferences. We use the proposed time-aware GRU network to learn the short-term intent and maintain prior records in user memory. We treat the short-term intent as a query and design a multi-hop memory reading operation via the proposed time-aware attention to generate user representation based on the current intent and longterm memory. Our approach is scalable for candidate retrieval tasks and can be viewed as a non-linear generalisation of latent factorisation for dot-product based Top-K recommendation. Finally, we conduct extensive experiments on six benchmark datasets and the experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our MTAM and temporal gating methodology.

Item Type:Book chapter
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:© 2020 Association for Computing Machinery. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Ji, Wendi, Wang, Keqiang, Wang, Xiaoling, Chen, Tingwei & Cristea, Alexandra I. (2020), Sequential Recommender via Time-aware Attentive Memory Network, 29th Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM). Virtual Event, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), New York, 565-574,
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:27 September 2020
Date of first online publication:October 2020
Date first made open access:01 December 2020

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