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Exploring the determinants of color perception using #thedress and its variants : the role of spatio-chromatic context, chromatic illumination, and material–light interaction.

Aston, Stacey and Denisova, Kristina and Hurlbert, Anya and Olkkonen, Maria and Pearce, Bradley and Rudd, Michael and Werner, Annette and Xiao, Bei (2020) 'Exploring the determinants of color perception using #thedress and its variants : the role of spatio-chromatic context, chromatic illumination, and material–light interaction.', Perception., 49 (11). pp. 1235-1251.

Abstract

The colors that people see depend not only on the surface properties of objects but also on how these properties interact with light as well as on how light reflected from objects interacts with an individual’s visual system. Because individual visual systems vary, the same visual stimulus may elicit different perceptions from different individuals. #thedress phenomenon drove home this point: different individuals viewed the same image and reported it to be widely different colors: blue and black versus white and gold. This phenomenon inspired a collection of demonstrations presented at the Vision Sciences Society 2015 Meeting which showed how spatial and temporal manipulations of light spectra affect people’s perceptions of material colors and illustrated the variability in individual color perception. The demonstrations also explored the effects of temporal alterations in metameric lights, including Maxwell’s Spot, an entoptic phenomenon. Crucially, the demonstrations established that #thedress phenomenon occurs not only for images of the dress but also for the real dress under real light sources of different spectral composition and spatial configurations.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1177/0301006620963808
Publisher statement:This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Date accepted:30 August 2020
Date deposited:17 November 2020
Date of first online publication:12 November 2020
Date first made open access:17 November 2020

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