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Application of fuzzy multiplexing of learning Gaussian processes for the interval forecasting of wind speed

Alamaniotis, M. and Karagiannis, G. (2020) 'Application of fuzzy multiplexing of learning Gaussian processes for the interval forecasting of wind speed.', IET renewable power generation., 14 (1). pp. 100-109.


Robust forecasting of wind speed values is a key element to effectively accommodate renewable generation from wind in smart power systems. However, the stochastic nature of wind and the uncertainties associated with it impose high challenge in its forecasting. A new method for forecasting wind speed in renewable energy generation is introduced in this study. The goal of the method is to provide a forecast in the form of an interval, which is determined by a mean value and the variance around the mean. In particular, the forecasting interval is produced according to a two‐step process: in the first step, a set of individual kernel modelled Gaussian processes (GP) are utilised to provide a respective set of interval forecasts, i.e. mean and variance values, over the future values of the wind. In the second step, the individual forecasts are evaluated using a fuzzy driven multiplexer, which selects one of them. The final output of the methodology is a single interval that has been identified as the best among the GP models. The presented methodology is tested on the set of real‐world data and benchmarked against the individual GPs as well as the autoregressive moving average model.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted for publication in IET renewable power generation and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at IET Digital Library.
Date accepted:16 August 2019
Date deposited:18 January 2021
Date of first online publication:06 December 2019
Date first made open access:18 January 2021

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