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Leader and Organizational Behavioral Integrity and Follower Behavioral Outcomes: The Role of Identification Processes

Ete, Ziya and Epitropaki, Olga and Zhou, Qin and Graham, Les (2022) 'Leader and Organizational Behavioral Integrity and Follower Behavioral Outcomes: The Role of Identification Processes.', Journal of business ethics., 176 (4). pp. 741-760.


This paper investigates the concept of behavioral integrity from three important foci in organizational settings: i.e., leader, organization and follower. Drawing from theories of behavioral integrity, social learning and social identity, we examine the effects of leader and organizational behavioral integrity on follower behavioral integrity and organizational citizenship behavior via follower identification with leader and with organization, respectively. To test our hypotheses, we used data from three studies. Studies 1 and 2 were online experiments (N=211 and N= 200, respectively) in which behavioral integrity was manipulated in written scenarios to explore the proposed causal relationships. Study 3 was a multi-source field study that tested a mediation model using matched data collected from 280 employees and their co-workers from a Fire and Rescue Service in the United Kingdom. The findings provide partial support for our hypothesized model and highlight the importance of examining multiple foci of behavioral integrity as well as the role of follower identification as key mediating mechanisms of the relationship between leader and organizational behavioral integrity and follower behavioral outcomes. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Date accepted:29 December 2020
Date deposited:25 January 2021
Date of first online publication:27 January 2021
Date first made open access:15 April 2021

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