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Optimal pricing strategies for Manufacturing-as-a Service platforms to ensure business sustainability.

Chaudhuri, Atanu and Datta, Partha Priya and Fernandes, Kiran J. and Xiong, Yu (2021) 'Optimal pricing strategies for Manufacturing-as-a Service platforms to ensure business sustainability.', International journal of production economics., 234 . p. 108065.


Manufacturing as a Service (MaaS) is a service which delivers manufactured products by connecting its network of suppliers with its customers on a digital platform. The long term sustainability of the MaaS platforms depends on their pricing strategy and whether they can generate sufficient volume from customers and encourage suppliers to do business with them. The objective of the paper is to develop optimal prices which a MaaS platform can charge to maximize its own profit as well as joint profit for itself and its supplier. Game theoretic models based on Hotelling's model are developed to determine the prices. We consider scenarios when the platform charges and does not charge subscription fees. We also determine conditions for the supplier to join the platform. Our models are motivated by real problems faced by a MaaS platform and have been validated using data provided by the platform. The models, the conditions developed and the insights obtained by validating the models using real data provide guidance to MaaS platforms to improve their business sustainability. The paper thus shows that MaaS platforms, when successfully designed, with appropriate pricing models can create an effective and economically sustainable business ecosystem.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 16 August 2022.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 4.0.
File format - PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2021 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Date accepted:08 February 2021
Date deposited:23 February 2021
Date of first online publication:16 February 2021
Date first made open access:16 August 2022

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