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Five-dimensional non-Lorentzian conformal field theories and their relation to six-dimensions.

Lambert, N. and Lipstein, A. and Mouland, R. and Richmond, P. (2021) 'Five-dimensional non-Lorentzian conformal field theories and their relation to six-dimensions.', Journal of high energy physics., 2021 (3).


We study correlation functions in five-dimensional non-Lorentzian theories with an SU(1, 3) conformal symmetry. Examples of such theories have recently been obtained as Ω-deformed Yang-Mills Lagrangians arising from a null reduction of six-dimensional superconformal field theories on a conformally compactified Minkowski space. The correlators exhibit a rich structure with many novel properties compared to conventional correlators in Lorentzian conformal field theories. Moreover, identifying the instanton number with the Fourier mode number of the dimensional reduction offers a hope to formulate six-dimensional conformal field theories in terms of five-dimensional Lagrangian theories. To this end we show that the Fourier decompositions of six-dimensional correlation functions solve the Ward identities of the SU(1, 3) symmetry, although more general solutions are possible. Conversely we illustrate how one can reconstruct six-dimensional correlation functions from those of a five-dimensional theory, and do so explicitly at 2- and 3-points. We also show that, in a suitable decompactification limit Ω → 0, the correlation functions become those of the DLCQ description.

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Publisher statement:Open Access . This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
Date accepted:25 January 2021
Date deposited:09 March 2021
Date of first online publication:04 March 2021
Date first made open access:09 March 2021

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