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Lithospheric modification at the onset of the destruction of the North China Craton: Evidence from Late Triassic mafic dykes

Wang, Chao and Song, Shuguang and Su, Li and Allen, Mark B. and Dong, Jinlong (2021) 'Lithospheric modification at the onset of the destruction of the North China Craton: Evidence from Late Triassic mafic dykes.', Chemical geology., 566 .


Mantle-derived magmatism provides important insights for understanding the mechanism of lithospheric thinning. Here we report the results of an integrated geochronological and geochemical study of Late Triassic mafic dykes in Eastern Hebei, northern North China Craton. In situ zircon U-Pb dating shows that the dykes were emplaced between 238 and 223 Ma; the coeval Gaojiadian and Mataizi dykes intruded Precambrian basement at 238–234 Ma and the Saheqiao dyke was emplaced into Neoarchean supracrustal rocks later at 223 ± 4 Ma (2s). Bulk-rock geochemistry indicates that the Late Triassic dykes in Eastern Hebei were produced by melting of ancient lithospheric mantle within the garnet-spinel transition zone (~70–80 km), heated by upwelling asthenosphere. This ancient lithospheric mantle had been metasomatized during previous subduction events. The Gaojiadian and Mataizi dykes resulted from higher degrees of partial melting at slightly lower pressures than the Saheqiao dyke. The melting depth of Late Triassic dykes in Eastern Hebei indicates that the intact ancient lithospheric mantle had been at least locally modified/thinned to ~70–80 km by the Late Triassic. The intrusion of these Late Triassic dykes took place at the onset of the lithospheric thinning of the North China Craton, caused by post-collisional extension after subduction and collision of neighboring blocks with the North China Craton.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 02 February 2023.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 4.0.
File format - PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Date accepted:25 January 2021
Date deposited:28 April 2021
Date of first online publication:02 February 2021
Date first made open access:02 February 2023

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