We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Magellanic satellites in ΛCDM cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the Local Group

Santos-Santos, Isabel M E and Fattahi, Azadeh and Sales, Laura V and Navarro, Julio F (2021) 'Magellanic satellites in ΛCDM cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the Local Group.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 504 (3). pp. 4551-4567.


We use the APOSTLE ΛCDM cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the Local Group to study the recent accretion of massive satellites into the halo of Milky Way (MW)-sized galaxies. These systems are selected to be close analogues to the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), the most massive satellite of the MW. The simulations allow us to address, in a cosmological context, the impact of the Clouds on the MW, including the contribution of Magellanic satellites to the MW satellite population, and the constraints placed on the Galactic potential by the motion of the LMC. We show that LMC-like satellites are twice more common around Local Group-like primaries than around isolated haloes of similar mass; these satellites come from large turnaround radii and are on highly eccentric orbits whose velocities at first pericentre are comparable with the primary’s escape velocity. This implies VMWesc(50 kpc) ∼ 365 km s−1, a strong constraint on Galactic potential models. LMC analogues contribute about two satellites with M∗>105M⊙⁠, having thus only a mild impact on the luminous satellite population of their hosts. At first pericentre, LMC-associated satellites are close to the LMC in position and velocity, and are distributed along the LMC’s orbital plane. Their orbital angular momenta roughly align with the LMC’s, but, interestingly, they may appear to ‘counter-rotate’ the MW in some cases. These criteria refine earlier estimates of the LMC association of MW satellites: only the SMC, Hydrus1, Car3, Hor1, Tuc4, Ret2, and Phoenix2 are compatible with all criteria. Carina, Grus2, Hor2, and Fornax are less probable associates given their large LMC relative velocity.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2021 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:09 April 2021
Date deposited:14 July 2021
Date of first online publication:15 April 2021
Date first made open access:14 July 2021

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar