We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Solvent vapor mediated polymer adsorption in thin films.

Kiff, F. T. and Richards, R. W. and Thompson, R. L. (2004) 'Solvent vapor mediated polymer adsorption in thin films.', Langmuir., 20 (11). pp. 4465-4470.


The effectiveness of a "solvent annealing" process was investigated for thin (similar to150 nm) polystyrene films, in which the diffusion and reorganization of polymer chains were mediated by the controlled absorption of cyclohexane vapor. Results were compared with conventional "thermal annealing" of films under vacuum above the glass transition temperature. Elastic recoil detection analysis (ERDA) was used to determine the surface excesses of fluorocarbon end-capped polystyrene (hPSF) and poly(styrene-b-dimethylsiloxane) (hPS-PDMS) in deuterated polystyrene (dPS) films. Both annealing methods enabled diffusion of the surface-active polymers; however, only thermal annealing gave rise to a surface excess in hPSF/dPS films. The inhibition of hPSF adsorption under solvent annealing was due to the low surface tension of cyclohexane. In contrast, hPS-PDMS, having a larger surface-active group than that of hPSF, was found in excess at the air surface under solvent annealing, and surface excesses were consistent with the formation of saturated monolayers in blended films. The mixing of hPS-PDMS with dPS was inhibited by the unfavorable interaction between the PDMS block of the copolymer and the homopolymer. The slow interdiffusion of hPS-PDMS in dPS is consistent with the formation of micelles, and the formation of an excess layer at the air surface may be kinetically inhibited by the rate of dissociation of hPS-PDMS micelles.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Full text not available from this repository.
Publisher Web site:
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:No date available
Date of first online publication:April 2004
Date first made open access:No date available

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar