We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

Pair lines of sight observations of multiphase gas bearing O vi in a galaxy environment

Anshul, Pratyush and Narayanan, Anand and Muzahid, Sowgat and Beckett, Alexander and Morris, Simon L (2021) 'Pair lines of sight observations of multiphase gas bearing O vi in a galaxy environment.', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 503 (3). pp. 3243-3261.


Using HST/COS spectra of the twin quasar lines of sight Q 0107–025A & Q 0107–025B, we report on the physical properties, chemical abundances, and transverse sizes of a multiphase medium in a galaxy field at z = 0.399. The angular separation between the quasars corresponds to a physical separation of 520 kpc at the absorber redshift. The absorber towards Q 0107–025B is a partial Lyman limit system (pLLS) with logN(HI)/cm−2≈16.8⁠. The H I column density in the absorber along the other sightline is ≈ 2 orders of magnitude lower. The O VI along both sightlines have comparable column densities and broad b-values (b > 30 km s−1) whereas the low ionization lines are considerably narrower. The low ionization gas is inconsistent with the O VI when modelled assuming photoionization from the same phase. In both lines of sight, O VI and the broad H I coinciding, are best explained through collisional ionization in a cooling plasma with solar metallicity. Ionization models infer 1/10th solar metallicity for the pLLS and solar metallicity for the lower column density absorber along the other sightline. Within ± 250 km s−1 and 2 Mpc of projected distance from the sightlines 12 galaxies are identified, of which five are within 500 kpc. The twin sightlines are at normalized impact parameters of ρ ∼ 1.1Rvir, and ρ ∼ 0.8Rvir from a M* ∼ 1010.7 M⊙, L ∼ 0.07L*, and star formation rate (SFR) < 0.1 M⊙ yr−1 galaxy, potentially probing its CGM (circumgalactic medium). The next closest in normalized separation are a dwarf galaxy with M* ∼ 108.7 M⊙, and SFR ∼ 0.06 M⊙ yr−1, and an intermediate mass galaxy with M* ∼ 1010.0 M⊙, and SFR ∼ 3 M⊙ yr−1. Along both sightlines, O VI could be either tracing narrow transition temperature zones at the interface of low ionization gas and the hot halo of nearest galaxy, or a more spread-out warm component that could be gas bound to the circumgalactic halo or the intragroup medium. The latter scenarios lead to a warm gas mass limit of M ≳ 4.5 × 109 M⊙.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ©: 2020 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:02 February 2021
Date deposited:23 August 2021
Date of first online publication:13 February 2021
Date first made open access:23 August 2021

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar