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Flavor structure of anomaly-free hidden photon models

Bauer, Martin and Foldenauer, Patrick and Mosny, Martin (2021) 'Flavor structure of anomaly-free hidden photon models.', Physical Review D, 103 (7).


Extensions of the Standard Model with an Abelian gauge group are constrained by gauge anomaly cancellation, so that only a limited number of possible charge assignments is allowed without the introduction of new chiral fermions. For flavor universal charges, couplings of the associated hidden photon to Standard Model fermions are flavor conserving at tree level. We show explicitly that even the flavor-specific charge assignments allowed by anomaly cancellation condition lead to flavor-conserving tree-level couplings of the hidden photon to quarks and charged leptons if the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa or Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata matrix can be successfully reconstructed. Further, loop-induced flavor-changing couplings are strongly suppressed. As a consequence, the structure of the Majorana mass matrix is constrained and flavor-changing tree-level couplings of the hidden photon to neutrino mass eigenstates are identified as a means to distinguish the U(1)B−L gauge boson from any other anomaly-free extension of the Standard Model without new chiral fermions. We present a comprehensive analysis of constraints and projections for future searches for a U(1)B−L gauge boson, calculate the reach of resonance searches in B meson decays and comment on the implications for nonstandard neutrino interactions.

Item Type:Article
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Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.
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Publisher statement:Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3.
Date accepted:30 March 2021
Date deposited:13 September 2021
Date of first online publication:22 April 2021
Date first made open access:13 September 2021

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