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ALMA 1.3 mm Survey of Lensed Submillimeter Galaxies Selected by Herschel: Discovery of Spatially Extended SMGs and Implications

Sun, Fengwu and Egami, Eiichi and Rawle, Timothy D. and Walth, Gregory L. and Smail, Ian and Dessauges-Zavadsky, Miroslava and Pérez-González, Pablo G. and Richard, Johan and Combes, Francoise and Ebeling, Harald and Pelló, Roser and Van der Werf, Paul and Altieri, Bruno and Boone, Frédéric and Cava, Antonio and Chapman, Scott C. and Clément, Benjamin and Finoguenov, Alexis and Nakajima, Kimihiko and Rujopakarn, Wiphu and Schaerer, Daniel and Valtchanov, Ivan (2021) 'ALMA 1.3 mm Survey of Lensed Submillimeter Galaxies Selected by Herschel: Discovery of Spatially Extended SMGs and Implications.', The Astrophysical Journal, 908 (2). p. 192.

Abstract

We present an ALMA 1.3 mm (Band 6) continuum survey of lensed submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) at z = 1.0 to ∼3.2 with an angular resolution of ∼0farcs2. These galaxies were uncovered by the Herschel Lensing Survey and feature exceptionally bright far-infrared continuum emission (Speak ≳ 90 mJy) owing to their lensing magnification. We detect 29 sources in 20 fields of massive galaxy clusters with ALMA. Using both the Spitzer/IRAC (3.6/4.5 μm) and ALMA data, we have successfully modeled the surface brightness profiles of 26 sources in the rest-frame near- and far-infrared. Similar to previous studies, we find the median dust-to-stellar continuum size ratio to be small (Re,dust/Re,star = 0.38 ± 0.14) for the observed SMGs, indicating that star formation is centrally concentrated. This is, however, not the case for two spatially extended main-sequence SMGs with a low surface brightness at 1.3 mm (≲0.1 mJy arcsec−2), in which the star formation is distributed over the entire galaxy (Re,dust/Re,star > 1). As a whole, our SMG sample shows a tight anticorrelation between (Re,dust/Re,star) and far-infrared surface brightness (ΣIR) over a factor of ≃1000 in ΣIR. This indicates that SMGs with less vigorous star formation (i.e., lower ΣIR) lack central starburst and are likely to retain a broader spatial distribution of star formation over the whole galaxies (i.e., larger Re,dust/Re,star). The same trend can be reproduced with cosmological simulations as a result of central starburst and potentially subsequent "inside-out" quenching, which likely accounts for the emergence of compact quiescent galaxies at z ∼ 2.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/abd6e4
Publisher statement:© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:24 December 2020
Date deposited:23 September 2021
Date of first online publication:24 February 2021
Date first made open access:23 September 2021

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