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FIR-luminous [C II] Emitters in the ALMA-SCUBA-2 COSMOS Survey (AS2COSMOS): The Nature of Submillimeter Galaxies in a 10 Comoving Megaparsec-scale Structure at z \ensuremath\sim 4.6

Mitsuhashi, I. and Matsuda, Y. and Smail, Ian and Hayatsu, N.H. and Simpson, J.M. and Swinbank, A.M. and Umehata, H. and Dudzevi\vci\=ut\.e, U. and Birkin, J.E. and Ikarashi, S. and Chen, Chian-Chou and Tadaki, K. and Yajima, H. and Harikane, Y. and Inami, H. and Chapman, S.C. and Hatsukade, B. and Iono, D. and Bunker, A. and Ao, Y. and Saito, T. and Ueda, J. and Sakamoto, S. (2021) 'FIR-luminous [C II] Emitters in the ALMA-SCUBA-2 COSMOS Survey (AS2COSMOS): The Nature of Submillimeter Galaxies in a 10 Comoving Megaparsec-scale Structure at z \ensuremath\sim 4.6.', The Astrophysical Journal, 907 (2). p. 122.


We report the discovery of a 10 comoving megaparsec (cMpc)-scale structure traced by massive submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) at z ∼ 4.6. These galaxies are selected from an emission line search of ALMA Band 7 observations targeting 184 luminous submillimeter sources (S850μm ≥ 6.2 mJy) across 1.6 degrees2 in the COSMOS field. We identify four [C ii] emitting SMGs and two probable [C ii] emitting SMG candidates at z = 4.60–4.64 with velocity-integrated signal-to-noise ratio of S/N > 8. Four of the six emitters are near-infrared blank SMGs. After excluding one SMG whose emission line is falling at the edge of the spectral window, all galaxies show clear velocity gradients along the major axes that are consistent with rotating gas disks. The estimated rotation velocities of the disks are 330–550 km s−1 and the inferred host dark-matter halo masses are ∼2–8 × 1012 M⊙. From their estimated halo masses and [C ii] luminosity function, we suggest that these galaxies have a high (50%–100%) duty cycle and high (∼0.1) baryon conversion efficiency (SFR relative to baryon accretion rate), and that they contribute ≃2% to the total star formation rate density at z = 4.6. These SMGs are concentrated within just 0.3% of the full survey volume, suggesting they are strongly clustered. The extent of this structure and the individual halo masses suggest that these SMGs will likely evolve into members of a ∼1015 M⊙ cluster at z = 0. This survey reveals a synchronized dusty starburst in massive halos at z > 4, which could be driven by mergers or fed by smooth gas accretion.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 05 February 2022.
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Publisher statement:© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:18 November 2020
Date deposited:23 September 2021
Date of first online publication:05 February 2021
Date first made open access:23 September 2021

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