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Durham Research Online
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Revisiting the attentional bias in the split brain

Hausmann, M. and Corballis, M. C. and Fabri, M. (2021) 'Revisiting the attentional bias in the split brain.', Neuropsychologia, 162 . p. 108042.

Abstract

Previous research has revealed a strong right bias in allocation of attention in split brain subjects, suggesting that a pathological attention bias occurs not only after unilateral (usually right-hemispheric) damage but also after functional disconnection of intact right-hemispheric areas involved in allocation of attention from those in the left hemisphere. Here, we investigated the laterality bias in spatial attention, as measured with the greyscales task, in two split-brain subjects (D.D.C. and D.D.V.) who had undergone complete callosotomy. The greyscales task requires participants to judge the darker (or brighter) of two left-right mirror-reversed luminance gradients under conditions of free viewing, and offers an efficient means of quantifying pathological attentional biases in patients with unilateral lesions. As predicted, the results of the two split-brain subjects revealed a pathological rightward bias in allocation of attention, suggesting strong dependence on a single hemisphere (the left) in spatial attention, which is opposite to what one expects from people with intact commissures, and is remarkable in that it occurs in free viewing. In that sense both split-brain patients are behaving as though the brain is indeed split, especially in D.D.C. who had undergone partial resection of the anterior commissure in addition to complete callosotomy, whereas the anterior commissure is still intact in D.D.V. The findings support the view that the commissural pathways play a significant role in integration of attentional processes across cerebral hemispheres.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 25 September 2022.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 4.0.
File format - PDF
(397Kb)
Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.108042
Publisher statement: © 2021 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Date accepted:12 September 2021
Date deposited:28 September 2021
Date of first online publication:25 September 2021
Date first made open access:25 September 2022

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