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Anomaly matching, (axial) Schwinger models, and high-T super Yang-Mills domain walls

Anber, Mohamed M. and Poppitz, Erich (2018) 'Anomaly matching, (axial) Schwinger models, and high-T super Yang-Mills domain walls.', Journal of High Energy Physics, 2018 (9). 076.


We study the discrete chiral- and center-symmetry ’t Hooft anomaly matching in the charge-q two-dimensional Schwinger model. We show that the algebra of the discrete symmetry operators involves a central extension, implying the existence of q vacua, and that the chiral and center symmetries are spontaneously broken. We then argue that an axial version of the q = 2 model appears in the worldvolume theory on domain walls between center-symmetry breaking vacua in the high-temperature SU(2) N=1 super-Yang-Mills theory and that it inherits the discrete ’t Hooft anomalies of the four-dimensional bulk. The Schwinger model results suggest that the high-temperature domain wall exhibits a surprisingly rich structure: it supports a non-vanishing fermion condensate and perimeter law for spacelike Wilson loops, thus mirroring many properties of the strongly coupled four-dimensional low-temperature theory. We also discuss generalizations to theories with multiple adjoint fermions and possible lattice tests.

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Publisher statement:Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Date accepted:07 September 2018
Date deposited:04 October 2021
Date of first online publication:13 September 2018
Date first made open access:04 October 2021

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