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Constraining cosmology with weak lensing voids

Davies, Christopher T and Cautun, Marius and Giblin, Benjamin and Li, Baojiu and Harnois-Déraps, Joachim and Cai, Yan-Chuan (2021) 'Constraining cosmology with weak lensing voids.', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 507 (2). pp. 2267-2282.


Upcoming surveys such as LSST and EUCLID will significantly improve the power of weak lensing as a cosmological probe. To maximize the information that can be extracted from these surveys, it is important to explore novel statistics that complement standard weak lensing statistics such as the shear–shear correlation function and peak counts. In this work, we use a recently proposed weak lensing observable – weak lensing voids – to make parameter constraint forecasts for an LSST-like survey. We use the cosmo-SLICS wCDM simulation suite to measure void statistics as a function of cosmological parameters. The simulation data is used to train a Gaussian process regression emulator that we use to generate likelihood contours and provide parameter constraints from mock observations. We find that the void abundance is more constraining than the tangential shear profiles, though the combination of the two gives additional constraining power. We forecast that without tomographic decomposition, these void statistics can constrain the matter fluctuation amplitude, S8, within 0.3 per cent (68 per cent confidence interval), while offering 1.5, 1.5, and 2.7 per cent precision on the matter density parameter, Ωm, the reduced Hubble constant, h, and the dark energy equation of state parameter, w0, respectively. These results are tighter than the constraints from the shear–shear correlation function with the same observational specifications for Ωm, S8, and w0. The constraints from the weak lensing voids also have complementary parameter degeneracy directions to the shear 2PCF for all combinations of parameters that include h, making weak lensing void statistics a promising cosmological probe.

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Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ©: 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:29 July 2021
Date deposited:08 October 2021
Date of first online publication:05 August 2021
Date first made open access:08 October 2021

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