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'(Cross-)Gendering the German Voice'

Hambridge, Katherine (2020) ''(Cross-)Gendering the German Voice'.', in Beethoven Studies 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 121-143. Cambridge Composer Studies.


Pauline Anna Milder (1785–1838) undertook the cross-dressing role of Leonore in all three version of Beethoven’s Fidelio. In this detailed study of Milder’s career, the author examines the nature of Milder’s voice (as reported extensively by commentators), the expressive and dramatic consequence of cross-dressing and, more broadly, the development of a recognizably ‘German’ soprano voice, one that was promoted by the most canonical German opera of the time, Beethoven’s Fidelio.

Item Type:Book chapter
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This material has been published in Beethoven Studies 4 edited by Keith Chapin and David Wyn Jones. This version is free to view and download for personal use only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © Cambridge University Press.
Date accepted:21 March 2019
Date deposited:18 October 2021
Date of first online publication:26 September 2020
Date first made open access:18 October 2021

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