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GamiCSM: relating education, culture and gamification - a link between worlds

Toda, Armando and Klock, Ana Carolina Tomé and Palomino, Paula T. and Rodrigues, Luiz and Oliveira, Wilk and Stewart, Craig and Cristea, Alexandra I. and Gasparini, Isabela and Isotani, Seiji (2020) 'GamiCSM: relating education, culture and gamification - a link between worlds.', 19th Brazilian Symposium on Human Factors in Computing Systems Diamantina, Brazil, 26-30 Oct 2020.


The potential of gamification to improve users' motivation and engagement influenced many researchers and professionals to analyse its effects in educational settings. While some studies focus on adapting game elements according to demographic and behavioural information of the user profile, few of them explore (or even consider) cultural factors. These cultural factors play an essential role in our societies' development. Thus, this work proposes and evaluates a representative model to understand better the relationship between cultural factors and gamification within educational domains, namely the Gamification for Cultural Studies Model (GamiCSM). Through a qualitative approach, we map Hofstede's cultural dimensions (i.e., power distance, individualism/collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity/femininity, long/short-term orientation, and indulgence/restraint) with a Taxonomy of Gamification Elements for Education (TGEEE), a recent model for gamification elements for educational environments. Furthermore, we adapted a survey to evaluate the resultant model with eight domain experts in gamification and education. Based on this evaluation, we are able to propose a starting model, containing some additional refinements and improvements. Thus, the main contributions of this work are: (i) the first model to relate game elements and cultural dimensions within educational domains and (ii) a state-of-the-art empirical study intersecting culture, gamification and education.

Item Type:Conference item (Paper)
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:© Owner/Author | ACM (2020). This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Proceedings of the 19th Brazilian Symposium on Human Factors in Computing Systems,
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:03 November 2021
Date of first online publication:26 October 2020
Date first made open access:03 November 2021

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