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Galaxy cluster cores as seen with VLT/MUSE: New strong-lensing analyses of RX J2129.4 + 0009, MS 0451.6 − 0305, and MACS J2129.4 − 0741

Jauzac, Mathilde and Klein, Baptiste and Kneib, Jean-Paul and Richard, Johan and Rexroth, Markus and Schäfer, Christoph and Verdier, Aurélien (2021) 'Galaxy cluster cores as seen with VLT/MUSE: New strong-lensing analyses of RX J2129.4 + 0009, MS 0451.6 − 0305, and MACS J2129.4 − 0741.', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 508 (1). pp. 1206-1226.

Abstract

We present strong-lensing analyses of three galaxy clusters, RX J2129.4 + 0009 (z = 0.235), MS 0451.6 − 0305 (z = 0.55), and MACS J2129.4 − 0741 (z = 0.589), using the powerful combination of Hubble Space Telescope (HST) multiband observations, and Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) spectroscopy. In RX J2129, we newly spectroscopically confirm 15 cluster members. Our resulting mass model uses 8 multiple image systems as we include a galaxy–galaxy lensing system north-east of the cluster, and is composed of 71 haloes including one dark matter cluster-scale halo and two galaxy-scale haloes optimized individually. For MS 0451, we report the spectroscopic identification of two new systems of multiple images in the northern region and 112 cluster members. Our mass model uses 16 multiple image systems and 146 haloes, including 2 large-scale haloes and 7 galaxy-scale haloes independently optimized. For MACS J2129, we report the spectroscopic identification of one new multiple image system at z = 4.41, and newly measure spectroscopic redshifts for four cluster members. Our mass model uses 14 multiple image systems, and is composed of 151 haloes, including 2 large-scale haloes and 4 galaxy-scale haloes independently optimized. Our best models have rms of 0.29, 0.6, 0.74 arcsec in the image plane for RX J2129, MS 0451, and MACS J2129, respectively. This analysis presents a detailed comparison with the existing literature showing excellent agreements, and discuss specific studies of lensed galaxies, e.g. a group of submillimetre galaxies at z = 2.9 in MS 0451, and a bright z = 2.1472 red singly imaged galaxy in MACS J2129.

Item Type:Article
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab2270
Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ©: 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:27 July 2021
Date deposited:24 November 2021
Date of first online publication:13 August 2021
Date first made open access:24 November 2021

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