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Thallium Isotopic Compositions in Hawaiian Lavas: Evidence for Recycled Materials on the Kea Side of the Hawaiian Mantle Plume

Williamson, Nicole M. B. and Weis, Dominique and Prytulak, Julie (2021) 'Thallium Isotopic Compositions in Hawaiian Lavas: Evidence for Recycled Materials on the Kea Side of the Hawaiian Mantle Plume.', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 22 (9). e2021GC009765.


Hawaiian volcanoes record 6 Ma of potentially deep mantle chemistry and form two parallel volcanic chains that are geochemically unique, named Loa and Kea. Loa volcanoes erupt lavas with isotopically enriched compositions thought to reflect the presence of recycled material in the deep mantle source of the Hawaiian plume. Variations in stable thallium (Tl) isotopes have been used to trace recycled pelagic ocean sediment from subduction to eruption in arc and intraplate lavas. Previous work attributed heavy Tl isotopic compositions in eight Loa samples to recycled sediments in their source. We reexamined this hypothesis using a large sample set (n = 34) of shield-stage, tholeiitic basalt from 13 Hawaiian volcanoes representing the entire range of isotopically enriched and depleted compositions along the Hawaiian chain. Samples were acid-leached prior to isotopic analysis to remove post-eruption alteration and resulting ε205Tl values show statistical differences between Loa and Kea volcanoes. Corresponding isotopic data and re-analyzed trace element concentrations suggest that the ε205Tl values are primary magmatic signatures. Possible co-variations between heavy ε205Tl and oxygen isotopes in samples from Kea-trend volcanoes could reflect the presence of ancient, recycled pelagic sediment on the Kea side of the Hawaiian plume, which samples the average deep Pacific mantle. As such, the deep mantle source of both Loa and Kea Hawaiian volcanoes may contain recycled materials of different natures and recycling histories, which supports work from both geophysical and geochemical studies suggesting that the Earth's lower mantle is chemically heterogeneous on multiple spatial scales.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0.
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Publisher statement:© 2021. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Date accepted:18 August 2021
Date deposited:10 January 2022
Date of first online publication:02 September 2021
Date first made open access:10 January 2022

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