Verta, Roberta and Gurrieri, Maura and Borga, Sara and Benetti, Elisa and Pollicino, Paolo and Cavalli, Roberta and Thurmond, Robin L. and Chazot, Paul L. and Pini, Alessandro and Rosa, Arianna Carolina and Grange, Cristina (2021) 'The Interplay between Histamine H4 Receptor and the Kidney Function: The Lesson from H4 Receptor Knockout Mice.', Biomolecules, 11 (10).
Previous studies implicated the histamine H4 receptor in renal pathophysiology. The aim here is to elucidate the role of this receptor on renal function using H4 receptor knockout mice (H4R−/−). Healthy and diabetic H4R−/− mice compared to their C57BL/6J wild-type counterpart for renal function and the expression of crucial tubular proteins. H4R−/− and wild-type mice, matched for ages, showed comparable weight gain curves reaching similar median weight at the end of the study. However, H4R−/− mice displayed a higher basal glycemia. H4R−/− mice showed a lower urine 24 h outflow, and albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) compared to wild-type mice. Consistently, H4R−/− mice presented a higher expression of megalin and a lower basal expression of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger (NHE)3 and aquaporin (AQP)2. According to these basal differences, diabetic H4R−/− mice developed more severe hyperglycemia and a higher 24 h urine volume, but a lower increase in ACR and decrease in urine pH were observed. These events were paralleled by a reduced NHE3 over-expression and megalin loss in diabetic H4R−/− mice. The AQP1 and AQP7 patterns were also different between H4R−/− and wild-type diabetic mice. The collected results highlight the role of the histamine H4 receptor in the control of renal reabsorption processes, particularly albumin uptake.
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|Publisher Web site:||https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11101517|
|Publisher statement:||This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
|Date accepted:||13 October 2021|
|Date deposited:||25 January 2022|
|Date of first online publication:||15 October 2021|
|Date first made open access:||25 January 2022|
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