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Quantitative analysis of phase transitions in two-dimensional XY models using persistent homology

Sale, Nicholas and Giansiracusa, Jeffrey and Lucini, Biagio (2022) 'Quantitative analysis of phase transitions in two-dimensional XY models using persistent homology.', Physical Review E, 105 (2). 024121.

Abstract

We use persistent homology and persistence images as an observable of three different variants of the two-dimensional XY model in order to identify and study their phase transitions. We examine models with the classical XY action, a topological lattice action, and an action with an additional nematic term. In particular, we introduce a new way of computing the persistent homology of lattice spin model configurations and, by considering the fluctuations in the output of logistic regression and k-nearest neighbours models trained on persistence images, we develop a methodology to extract estimates of the critical temperature and the critical exponent of the correlation length. We put particular emphasis on finite-size scaling behaviour and producing estimates with quantifiable error. For each model we successfully identify its phase transition(s) and are able to get an accurate determination of the critical temperatures and critical exponents of the correlation length.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.105.024121
Publisher statement:Reprinted with permission from the American Physical Society: Sale, Nicholas, Giansiracusa, Jeffrey & Lucini, Biagio (2022). Quantitative analysis of phase transitions in two-dimensional XY models using persistent homology. Physical Review E 105(2): 024121. © (2022) by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the American Physical Society.
Date accepted:01 February 2022
Date deposited:02 February 2022
Date of first online publication:14 February 2022
Date first made open access:02 February 2022

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