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Servant Leadership: How Daily and General Behaviors Interact.

Kuonath, A. and Nossek, J. and Nieberle, K. W. and Kreitmeir, D. and Frey, D. (2021) 'Servant Leadership: How Daily and General Behaviors Interact.', Journal of Personnel Psychology, 20 (4). pp. 187-197.


The present study takes a closer look at servant leadership from a daily diary perspective. We hypothesized daily servant leadership to positively relate to the follower resources: self-efficacy and optimism. We further proposed that this relation should be attenuated if followers do not perceive their leaders to also lead servantly on a general basis. In a diary study, 98 followers completed questionnaires over one week. Hierarchical linear modeling showed daily servant leadership to be associated with followers' daily self-efficacy, but not with followers' daily optimism. Additionally, for the proposed interaction of daily servant leadership with general perceptions of servant leadership, results confirmed the proposed interaction for followers' daily optimism, but not for daily self-efficacy.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:This version of the article may not completely replicate the final authoritative version published in Journal of Personnel Psychology at It is not the version of record and is therefore not suitable for citation. Please do not copy or cite without the permission of the author(s).
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:04 February 2022
Date of first online publication:01 October 2021
Date first made open access:04 February 2022

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