We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By continuing to browse this repository, you give consent for essential cookies to be used. You can read more about our Privacy and Cookie Policy.

Durham Research Online
You are in:

GPS-observed elastic deformation due to surface mass balance variability in the Southern Antarctic Peninsula

Koulali, A. and Whitehouse, P.L. and Clarke, P.J. and van den Broeke, M.R. and Nield, G.A. and King, M.A. and Bentley, M.J. and Wouters, B. and Wilson, T. (2022) 'GPS-observed elastic deformation due to surface mass balance variability in the Southern Antarctic Peninsula.', Geophysical Research Letters, 49 (4). e2021GL097109.


In Antarctica, Global Positioning System (GPS) vertical time series exhibit non-linear signals over a wide range of temporal scales. To explain these non-linearities, a number of hypotheses have been proposed, among them the short-term rapid solid Earth response to contemporaneous ice mass change. Here we use GPS vertical time series to reveal the solid Earth response to variations in surface mass balance (SMB) in the Southern Antarctic Peninsula (SAP). At four locations in the SAP we show that interannual variations of SMB anomalies cause measurable elastic deformation. We use regional climate model SMB products to calculate the induced displacement assuming a perfectly elastic Earth. Our results show a reduction of the misfit when fitting a linear trend to GPS time series corrected for the elastic response to SMB variations. Our results imply that, for a better understanding of the glacial isostatic adjustment signal in Antarctica, SMB variability must be considered.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.
Download PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2022. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:07 February 2022
Date deposited:28 March 2022
Date of first online publication:17 February 2022
Date first made open access:28 March 2022

Save or Share this output

Look up in GoogleScholar