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Attitudes towards refugees: Introducing a short three‐dimensional scale

Kotzur, P. F. and Friehs, M.‐T. and Schmidt, P. and Wagner, U. and Pötzschke, S. and Weiß, B. (2022) 'Attitudes towards refugees: Introducing a short three‐dimensional scale.', British Journal of Social Psychology .


Many researchers subscribe to the three-component conceptualization of attitudes, the idea that attitudes have cognitive, affective, and behavioural (intentional) components. Yet, these components are rarely considered simultaneously in scales, especially those measuring attitudes towards refugees. Moreover, it is debated how these components relate to one another. We present the development and validation of a six-item short-scale to measure attitudes towards refugees based on three surveys (Study 1: N = 330; Study 2a: N = 2,083; Study 2b: N = 2,174). We assessed the performance of this scale with respect to three rivalling attitude conceptualizations (one-factor, three-factor, and second-order factor model). We found that a three-factor or second-order factor conceptualization fitted best to the data. The scale had excellent psychometric properties. We hope that our work stimulates a wave of relevant research on attitudes towards refugees that applies this scale, and contributes to the debate on the conceptualization of attitudes in general.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2022 The Authors. British Journal of Social Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Date accepted:16 March 2022
Date deposited:01 April 2022
Date of first online publication:31 March 2022
Date first made open access:01 April 2022

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