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Private Facial Prediagnosis as an Edge Service for Parkinson's DBS Treatment Valuation

Jiang, Richard and Chazot, Paul and Pavese, Nicola and Crookes, Danny and Bouridane, Ahmed and Celebi, M. Emre (2022) 'Private Facial Prediagnosis as an Edge Service for Parkinson's DBS Treatment Valuation.', IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 26 (6). pp. 2703-2713.

Abstract

Facial phenotyping for medical prediagnosis has recently been successfully exploited as a novel way for the preclinical assessment of a range of rare genetic diseases, where facial biometrics is revealed to have rich links to underlying genetic or medical causes. In this paper, we aim to extend this facial prediagnosis technology for a more general dis-ease, Parkinson's Diseases (PD), and proposed an Artificial-Intelligence-of-Things (AIoT) edge-oriented privacy-preserving facial prediagnosis framework to analyze the treatment of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) on PD patients. In the proposed framework, a novel edge-based privacy-preserving framework is proposed to implement private deep facial diagnosis as a service over an AIoT-oriented information theoretically secure multi-party communication scheme, where partial homomorphic encryption (PHE) is leveraged to enable privacy-preserving deep facial diagnosis on encrypted facial patterns. In our experiments with a collected facial dataset from PD patients, for the first time, we proved that facial patterns could be used to evaluate the facial difference of PD patients undergoing DBS treatment. We further implemented a privacy-preserving information theoretical secure deep facial prediagnosis framework that can achieve the same accuracy as the non-encrypted one, showing the potential of our facial prediagnosis as a trust-worthy edge service for grading the severity of PD in patients.

Item Type:Article
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Status:Peer-reviewed
Publisher Web site:https://doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2022.3146369
Publisher statement:© 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:01 April 2022
Date of first online publication:27 January 2022
Date first made open access:01 April 2022

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