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An experimental study of intra- and international cooperation: Chinese and American play in the Prisoner's Dilemma Game

Kuroda, Michael and Li, Jieran and Shachat, Jason and Wei, Lijia and Zhu, Bochen (2022) 'An experimental study of intra- and international cooperation: Chinese and American play in the Prisoner's Dilemma Game.', China Economic Review, 74 . p. 10187.


We study whether intra- and international groups have different cooperation rates in the Prisoner's Dilemma Game. We report on an experiment in which university students in China and America engage in a single iteration of the game, complete belief elicitation tasks regarding their counterparts' play, and complete a survey including attitudinal measurements regarding their in- and out-group attitudes. We find that Chinese overall cooperation rates are less than American ones. Further, female participants are more cooperative than males. With respect to international cooperation, Chinese participants accurately estimate the likelihood of cooperative behavior of their American counterparts, while Americans overestimate the same likelihood of their Chinese counterparts. Our results further show that Chinese participants cooperate more conditionally than American ones. Finally, we find a more positive attitude towards one's living country is related to less international cooperative behavior, and a more positive attitude towards the other country is related to more international cooperation.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo until 14 November 2023.
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 4.0.
File format - PDF
Publisher Web site:
Publisher statement:© 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Date accepted:11 May 2022
Date deposited:18 May 2022
Date of first online publication:14 May 2022
Date first made open access:14 November 2023

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