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Transnational Mobilization of Future Generations by Non-Democratic Home States: Turkey’s Diaspora Youth between Empowerment and Co-optation

Böcü, Gözde and Baser, Bahar (2022) 'Transnational Mobilization of Future Generations by Non-Democratic Home States: Turkey’s Diaspora Youth between Empowerment and Co-optation.', Ethnopolitics .


While many aspects of state-diaspora relations have been explored, the role that youth play in state-led diaspora outreach remains under-researched in the literature. Democratic and nondemocratic states alike, however, actively target diaspora youth for a variety of reasons. In this article, we explore how and why a non-democratic state like Turkey engages with its perceived diaspora youth by focusing on the AKP regimes’ recent engagement within its European diasporas as a case study. We argue that the AKP regime has proactively bolstered transnational youth engagement policies over the last decade with the goal of creating a loyal diaspora that will serve the regime in the long run. We show that selected diaspora youth are not only empowered, but also co-opted and mobilized by the regime to ensure continued influence in the diaspora – ultimately to incorporate them into authoritarian consolidation efforts back home and to turn them into assets that lobby host country governments.

Item Type:Article
Full text:Publisher-imposed embargo
(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Full text:(VoR) Version of Record
Available under License - Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.
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Publisher statement:© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Date accepted:12 July 2022
Date deposited:13 July 2022
Date of first online publication:09 August 2022
Date first made open access:12 August 2022

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