Gijbels, Jolien and Lancaster, Cheryl and Maehle, Andreas‐Holger and Vander Hulst, Reinout (2022) 'Aligning Faith with Medicine: Medical Ethics, Reproduction and Catholic Morality in Francophone and Anglophone Normative Literature, c. 1840–1960.', Journal of Religious History, 46 (3). pp. 439-459.
This paper focuses on intersections of medical ethics and religious commitments by charting conceptions of the Catholic doctor in French and English-language normative texts from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. Behavioural norms for doctors were increasingly emphasised in writings on pastoral medicine, especially regarding obstetrics and advice on sexual hygiene, with the Ten Commandments and the Sacraments forming the initial ethical framework. From the 1890s, Catholic medical deontology emerged as a genre in its own right, reflecting a distinct identity of Catholic doctors in medical faculties and in their own professional societies. Simultaneously, the range of topics broadened. While traditional issues of reproductive ethics such as medical abortion and emergency baptism remained central concerns, eugenic sterilisation and euthanasia posed new challenges. Catholic doctors were now expected to take on a social role that went beyond the care of their individual patients, especially in questions of population politics. A popular contributor to the eugenics debate was the French medical scientist Alexis Carrel.
|Full text:||Publisher-imposed embargo until 02 July 2024. |
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|Publisher Web site:||https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9809.12871|
|Publisher statement:||This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Gijbels, Jolien, Lancaster, Cheryl, Maehle, Andreas‐Holger & Vander Hulst, Reinout (2022). Aligning Faith with Medicine: Medical Ethics, Reproduction and Catholic Morality in Francophone and Anglophone Normative Literature, c. 1840–1960. Journal of Religious History 46(3): 439-459., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9809.12871. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.|
|Date accepted:||01 December 2021|
|Date deposited:||16 August 2022|
|Date of first online publication:||02 July 2022|
|Date first made open access:||02 July 2024|
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