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Early structure in lambda CDM.

Gao, L. and White, S. D. M. and Jenkins, A. R. and Frenk, C. S. and Springel, V. (2005) 'Early structure in lambda CDM.', Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society., 363 (2). pp. 379-392.


We use a novel technique to simulate the growth of one of the most massive progenitors of a supercluster region from redshift z 80, when its mass was about 10 M, until the present day. Our nested sequence of N-body resimulations allows us to study in detail the structure both of the dark matter object itself and of its environment. Our effective resolution is optimal at redshifts of 49, 29, 12, 5 and 0 when the dominant object has mass 1.2 × 105, 5 × 107, 2 × 1010, 3 × 1012 and 8 × 1014 h1 M, respectively, and contains 106 simulation particles within its virial radius. Extended Press–Schechter (EPS) theory correctly predicts both this rapid growth and the substantial overabundance of massive haloes we find at early times in regions surrounding the dominant object. Although the large-scale structure in these regions differs dramatically from a scaled version of its present-day counterpart, the internal structure of the dominant object is remarkably similar. Molecular hydrogen cooling could start as early as z 49 in this object, while cooling by atomic hydrogen becomes effective at z 39. If the first stars formed in haloes with virial temperature 2000 K, their comoving abundance at z= 49 should be similar to that of dwarf galaxies today, while their comoving correlation length should be 2.5 h1 Mpc.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Methods, N-body simulations, Numerical, Cosmological, Theory, Galaxies, Haloes, Dark matter, Early universe, Galaxy formation, Hierarchical models, Density profiles, Mass function, Inner Structure.
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Publisher statement:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2005 The Authors Published on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:11 August 2014
Date of first online publication:October 2005
Date first made open access:No date available

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