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Ultracold atom-molecule collisions and bound states in magnetic fields : tuning zero-energy Feshbach resonances in He-NH (triplet sigma minus).

Gonzalez-Martinez, M. L. and Hutson, J. M. (2007) 'Ultracold atom-molecule collisions and bound states in magnetic fields : tuning zero-energy Feshbach resonances in He-NH (triplet sigma minus).', Physical review A., 75 (2). 022702.


We have generalized the BOUND and MOLSCAT packages to allow calculations in basis sets where the monomer Hamiltonians are off diagonal and used this capability to carry out bound-state and scattering calculations on 3He-NH and 4He-NH as a function of magnetic field. Following the bound-state energies to the point where they cross thresholds gives very precise predictions of the magnetic fields at which zero-energy Feshbach resonances occur. We have used this to locate and characterize two very narrow Feshbach resonances in 3He-NH. Such resonances can be used to tune elastic and inelastic collision cross sections, and sweeping the magnetic field across them will allow a form of quantum control in which separated atoms and molecules are associated to form complexes. For the first resonance, where only elastic scattering is possible, the scattering length shows a pole as a function of magnetic field and there is a very large peak in the elastic cross section. For the second resonance, however, inelastic scattering is also possible. In this case the pole in the scattering length is dramatically suppressed and the cross sections show relatively small peaks. The peak suppression is expected to be even larger in systems with stronger inelasticity. The results suggest that calculations on ultracold molecular inelastic collisions may be much less sensitive to details of the potential energy surface than has been believed.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2007 by The American Physical Society. All rights reserved.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:02 August 2010
Date of first online publication:February 2007
Date first made open access:No date available

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