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Nesprin-2 giant safeguards nuclear envelope architecture in LMNA S143F progeria cells.

Luke, Y. and Kleinhenz, T. and Neumann, S. and Jaeger, V. M. and Munck, M. and Wehnert, M. and Muller, C. R. and Zhou, Z. and Noegel, A. A. and Dabauvalle, M. C. and Karakesisoglou, I. (2007) 'Nesprin-2 giant safeguards nuclear envelope architecture in LMNA S143F progeria cells.', Human molecular genetics., 16 (23). pp. 2944-2959.


The S143F lamin A/C point mutation causes a phenotype combining features of myopathy and progeria. We demonstrate here that patient dermal fibroblast cells have dysmorphic nuclei containing numerous blebs and lobulations, which progressively accumulate as cells age in culture. The lamin A/C organisation is altered, showing intranuclear and nuclear envelope aggregates and presenting often a honeycomb appearance. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that nesprin-2 C-terminal isoforms and LAP2alpha were recovered in the cytoplasm, whereas LAP2beta and emerin were unevenly localised along the nuclear envelope. In addition, the intranuclear organisation of acetylated histones, histone H1 and the active form of RNA polymerase II were markedly different in patient cells. A subpopulation of mutant cells, however, expressing the 800 kDa nesprin-2 giant isoform did not show an overt nuclear phenotype. Ectopic expression of p.S143F lamin A in fibroblasts recapitulates the patient cell phenotype, whereas no effects were observed in p.S143F LMNA keratinocytes, which highly express nesprin-2 giant. Overexpression of the mutant lamin A protein had a more severe impact on the nuclear envelope of nesprin-2 giant deficient fibroblasts when compared to wild type. In summary, our results suggest that the p.S143F lamin A mutation affects nuclear envelope architecture and composition, chromatin organisation, gene expression and transcription. Furthermore, our findings implicate a direct involvement of the nesprins in laminopathies and propose nesprin-2 giant as a structural reinforcer at the nuclear envelope.

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Date of first online publication:December 2007
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