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Community diversity at Ban Lum Khao, Thailand : isotopic evidence from the skeletons.

Bentley, R. A. and Cox, K. and Tayles, N. and Higham, C. and Macpherson, C. and Nowell, G. and Cooper, M. and Hayes , T. E. F. (2009) 'Community diversity at Ban Lum Khao, Thailand : isotopic evidence from the skeletons.', Asian perspectives., 48 (1). pp. 79-97.


Isotopes of strontium, carbon, and oxygen were analyzed in human tooth enamel from the Bronze Age site of Ban Lum Khao (c. 1400 B.C.–500 B.C.) in Thailand. The strontium and oxygen isotopes, which generally reflect place of origin, delimit discrete groups among the individuals. Among the females, different groups determined through isotopic signatures were buried with distinctive pottery types. This suggests that social identity, drawn from village of origin, was conveyed by material culture, at least in burial. Although Ban Lum Khao was probably an egalitarian community, this isotopic and archaeological evidence suggests that different social identities were associated with place of childhood origin in this Bronze Age community.

Item Type:Article
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Publisher statement:© 2009 by the University of Hawai'i Press.
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:15 October 2009
Date of first online publication:2009
Date first made open access:No date available

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