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Mind-mindedness and maternal responsiveness in infant–mother interactions in mothers with severe mental illness.

Pawlby, S. and Fernyhough, C. and Meins, E. and Pariante, C.M. and Seneviratne, G. and Bentall, R.P. (2010) 'Mind-mindedness and maternal responsiveness in infant–mother interactions in mothers with severe mental illness.', Psychological medicine., 40 (11). pp. 1861-1869.


Background. Previous cross-diagnosis studies of interaction between mothers with severe mental illness and their babies have concluded that mothers with schizophrenia have deficits in interaction. These studies have failed to include healthy controls. Method. In-patients on a Mother and Baby Unit, with diagnoses of schizophrenia (n=15), depressive mood disorders with or without psychosis (n=23), or mood disorders where mania was the predominant feature, with or without psychosis (n=12), were observed interacting with their infants on admission and discharge. Mothers’ mind-mindedness and other measures of the quality of maternal and infant behaviour were coded. Findings from this sample were compared with those from healthy mothers and their infants (n=49). Results. Compared with healthy controls, on admission depressed mothers were marginally less likely to comment appropriately on their infants’ mental states, and both the depressed and mania groups were more likely to touch their babies and engage in attention-seeking behaviours. The interactional behaviours of mothers in the schizophrenia group were not markedly different from healthy controls. On discharge there were fewer differences between the clinical and healthy groups, although the depressed group continued to engage in more attention-seeking and touching behaviour and the mania group continued to touch their infants more. Only mothers in the schizophrenia group showed changes in interactional behaviours between admission and discharge, talking more to their infants. Conclusion. The findings challenge previous conclusions that mothers with schizophrenia have deficits in their interactions with their babies, and demonstrate that mothers with severe mental illness are able to respond appropriately to their infants’ cues.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Infant-mother interaction, Mind-mindedness, Schizophrenia, Severe mental illness.
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Publisher statement:This paper has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form, subsequent to peer review and editorial input by Cambridge University Press, in Psychological Medicine published by Cambridge University Press. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:11 January 2010
Date of first online publication:November 2010
Date first made open access:No date available

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