Broersma, H.J. and Capponi, A. and Paulusma, Daniel (2008) 'A new algorithm for on-line coloring bipartite graphs.', SIAM journal on discrete mathematics., 22 (1). pp. 72-91.
We first show that for any bipartite graph $H$ with at most five vertices there exists an on-line competitive algorithm for the class of $H$-free bipartite graphs. We then analyze the performance of an on-line algorithm for coloring bipartite graphs on various subfamilies. The algorithm yields new upper bounds for the on-line chromatic number of bipartite graphs. We prove that the algorithm is on-line competitive for $P_7$-free bipartite graphs, i.e., that do not contain an induced path on seven vertices. The number of colors used by the on-line algorithm for $P_6$-free and $P_7$-free bipartite graphs is, respectively, bounded by roughly twice and roughly eight times the on-line chromatic number. In contrast, it is known that there exists no competitive on-line algorithm to color $P_6$-free (or $P_7$-free) bipartite graphs, i.e., for which the number of colors is bounded by any function depending only on the chromatic number.
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|Publisher Web site:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/060668675|
|Publisher statement:||© 2010 SIAM|
|Date accepted:||No date available|
|Date deposited:||07 October 2010|
|Date of first online publication:||February 2008|
|Date first made open access:||No date available|
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