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Alkenone and coccolith records of the Mid-Pleistocene in the south-east Atlantic : implications for the UK37' index and south African climate.

McClymont, E.L. and Rosell-Melé, A. and Giraudeau, J. and Pierre, C. and Lloyd, J.M. (2005) 'Alkenone and coccolith records of the Mid-Pleistocene in the south-east Atlantic : implications for the UK37' index and south African climate.', Quaternary science reviews., 24 (14-15). pp. 1559-1572.


Successful application of the alkenone palaeothermometer, the View the MathML source index, relies upon the assumption that fossil alkenone synthesisers responded to growth-temperature changes in a similar manner to the modern producers, chiefly the coccolithophores Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica . We compare coccolith and View the MathML source data from ODP Site 1087 in the south-east Atlantic between 1500 and 500 ka, and show that evolutionary events and changes in species dominance within the coccolithophore populations had little impact on the View the MathML source record. The relative abundances of the C37 and C38 alkenones also closely resembled those found in modern populations, and suggest a similar temperature sensitivity of View the MathML source during the early and mid-Pleistocene to that found at present. These results support the application of the View the MathML source index to reconstruct sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) throughout the Quaternary. The View the MathML source record at ODP Site 1087 contains an SST signal that documents the emergence of the 100-kyr cycles that characterise the late Quaternary ice volume records. This is preceded by significant cooling at ODP Site 1087, marked by a negative shift in SSTs and a positive shift in the planktonic δ18O some 250-kyr earlier, at ca 1150–1000 ka. This results in a permanent fall in average SSTs of around 1.5 °C. The predicted increase in aridity onshore as a result of this cooling can be identified in a number of published records from southern Africa, and may have played a role in some important evolutionary events of the mid-Pleistocene.

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Date of first online publication:August 2005
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