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Early Holocene large-scale meltwater discharge from Greenland documented by foraminifera and sediment parameters.

Seidenkrantz, M.-S. and Ebbesen, H. and Aagaard-Sorensen, S. and Moros, M. and Lloyd, J.M. and Olsen, J. and Knudsen, M. F. and Kuijpers, A. (2013) 'Early Holocene large-scale meltwater discharge from Greenland documented by foraminifera and sediment parameters.', Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology., 391 (Part A). pp. 71-81.


Records of foraminiferal assemblages combined with lithological properties (grain size, magnetic parameters and XRF data) of marine sediment cores from West Greenland coastal waters and the adjacent Labrador Sea document widespread early Holocene meltwater discharge. This discharge is concluded to originate from large-scale melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) having started prior to 8600 cal. yr BP and ended at about 7700–7500 cal. yr BP, when the GIS margin had withdrawn from the fjords and become mainly land-based. The benthic foraminiferal record from one of the coastal sites mainly reflects West Greenland Current (WGC) subsurface water properties and to a minor degree surface productivity. The most significant feature in this record is an abrupt shift to a higher-productivity regime around ~ 7700 cal. yr BP. We suggest that the cessation of a widespread GIS meltwater discharge at that time favoured an increased influence of (sub)surface water of Atlantic origin and initiation of modern subpolar gyre circulation enabling Labrador Sea deep convection. Further offshore, a record of planktonic foraminiferal assemblages shows an oceanographic change at ca. 9500 cal. yr BP, whilst a gradual but marked change in the planktonic foraminiferal assemblage between 8800 and 7000 cal. yr BP may be related to a narrowing of the WGC low-salinity surface water belt. The oceanic regime off West Greenland prior to ~ 7800 cal. yr BP was thus characterised by the presence of a permanent and widespread meltwater surface layer, presumably preventing deep convection in this region. Apart from indications of a slight decrease in meltwater discharge by the benthic foraminiferal fauna data, neither of the records show any clear signal of a regionally important 8.2 ka event.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Greenland, Early Holocene, Meltwater discharge, Foraminifera, Sediment properties, Magnetic susceptibility; 8.2 ka event.
Full text:(AM) Accepted Manuscript
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Publisher statement:NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2012, 31, , Part A, 10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.04.006
Date accepted:No date available
Date deposited:19 June 2012
Date of first online publication:December 2013
Date first made open access:No date available

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